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Heart Disease Treatment Options from a Cardiologist
Wondering if heart disease treatment is in your near future? When someone is diagnosed with heart disease, treatment is often necessary. Choosing the right treatment option depends on each patient's condition.
About heart disease
Understanding the basics of heart disease treatment is necessary for people who are diagnosed with a heart condition, as it is essential to the treatment process. When someone is diagnosed with heart disease, it means that they have some type of disease, disorder or condition that negatively affects their heart and blood vessels. There are many risk factors that go along with heart disease, including high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, a tendency to make unhealthy food choices and obesity.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women—and for people of most racial and ethnic groups in the United States. One person dies every 37 seconds in the United States from cardiovascular disease. The list below includes general treatment options that cardiologists often offer their patients who have been diagnosed with heart disease.
Treatment options for addressing heart disease
Make positive lifestyle changes
For the most part, living a lifestyle that includes eating a healthy diet and exercising three to four times a week supports an overall healthy body. A healthy diet consists of smart food choices and should be based on fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy proteins. One's intake of saturated fats, cholesterol, salt and sugars should be kept at a minimum, as consuming too much will not support a healthy heart.
Take prescription medications
Some patients will need to take a prescription medication when lifestyle changes are not enough to control one's heart disease. The type of medication one will receive is based on the type and severity of one's heart disease. Prescription medications help treat heart disease by lowering high cholesterol, raising low blood pressure, correcting cardiac arrhythmias and preventing the formation of blood clots.
Undergo a surgical procedure
When making positive lifestyle changes and taking prescription medications are not a sufficient enough treatment, it is likely one requires surgery. The type of surgical treatment one will need depends on the type and severity of heart disease they are diagnosed with. Some examples of medical and surgical procedures used to treat heart disease include an angioplasty surgery, coronary artery bypass surgery, heart valve surgery and congenital heart defect surgery.
Cardiologists provide their patients with heart disease treatments to improve the overall health of their heart. Heart disease is all too common, and those who are diagnosed need to be thoroughly evaluated to gauge whether or not they need treatment. If treatment is necessary, patients can expect their cardiologist to go over all options with them.
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